The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry organized the Round Table for Studying Energy Situations to consider long-term energy policy for 2050 and held nine sessions with experts in the industries and academic institutions. “Recommendations: Initiatives for Energy Transitions” was compiled at the last session on April 10, 2018 based on the discussions. Policies were considered for reducing the country’s greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050; however, the recommendations use the term “all-around approach” and apply a policy of pursuing so many options. It reflects strong insistence of certain sectors of industry promoting nuclear and coal power.
Issues of Decommissioning Reactors and Spent Nuclear Fuel
The purpose of the recommendations is to promote “energy transition and decarbonization” toward 2050. Based on discussions of eight members, “Multiple track scenario: Seeking possibility in all choices” was adopted (Figure 1). While renewable energy is positioned as the main power source for decarbonization, possibilities of nuclear power and high-efficiency coal power will continue to be pursued. With too much emphasis on leveraging technologies and assets accumulated by the electric power industry, Japan will be way behind the rest of the world where energy transition is progressing by utilizing renewable energy.